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Cross Border Mergers Advant.

 

Cyprus Cross – Border Mergers Advantages

Globalisation, the growing need to encourage cooperation between companies of different Member States and to adapt to today standards, led the EU Council to adopt Directive on Cross-Border Merger.

The European Directive on cross-border mergers adopted in 2005 aims to facilitate mergers and acquisitions activity across the European Union.

Cyprus may even extend the meaning of the Cross-Border Mergers in countries outside the EU subject to certain conditions. (This is expected to pass into law soon)

Cross-border mergers combined with the transfer of Company’s Seat (companies that re-domicile their registered office in Cyprus) may prove most favourable for restructuring purposes. (Transfer-in companies, within the scope of the Cyprus Company Law Cap. 113. Can be defined as the procedure of re-domiciling a foreign company’s registered office from a country or jurisdiction in the Republic of Cyprus and vice versa.) 

Taxation advantages:

  1. Low corporate income tax of 12,5% including interest income, no tax on incoming and outgoing dividends, capital gains tax and wide network of Double Tax Treaties;
  2. The Cyprus law, in line with the Merger Directive, allows for a tax relief in the form of an exemption from Cyprus taxes i.e. Cyprus Corporation tax, capital gains tax and stamp duty. Equally, a relief from the Special Contribution to the Defense Fund, as this would have otherwise been applicable in cases of company liquidations as per the deemed dividend distribution provisions as well as from land transfer fees imposed on land transfers;
  3. It may provide for the deferred taxation of profits and capital gains arising during a reorganisation, subject to the fulfillment of specific requirements;
  4. It may be possible to use tax losses, subject to conditions. Accumulated, carried forward Cyprus tax losses generated by the target company are transferred along with the company;
  5. Cyprus Cross-Border Mergers are exempt transactions of the Cyprus VAT legislation;

 

Liquidation advantages:

  1. Avoidance of possible publicity, delay and expense in case of a liquidation including legal proceedings. The transferor company is automatically dissolved on the merger taking effect, furthermore there is no need to undergo a separate liquidation process following a merger, and therefore costs and timescales are reduced;

 

Other advantages:

  1. In case of surviving company, the old companies involved cease to exist, all their assets and liabilities are transferred to the new entity and their members become the members of the new entity.
  2. The control of the new company falls under the Cyprus law and therefore streamlining corporate governance obligations and compliance costs;
  3. Reduction of the number of legal entities;
  4. Harmonised, simplified and speedy national procedure, eliminating the need for individual transfer documents under the traditional business sale, dissolution, liquidation etc;
  5. For a large group with complex assets and liabilities, the Cyprus cross-border merger regime constitutes a more efficient way to merge the businesses of two companies rather than a traditional transfer of the individual assets and liabilities;
  6. Expand business in more than one MemberState without the need to form a European Company;
  7. Cyprus situated between Asia, Africa and Europe motivates new trading possibilities for companies;

 

Cyprus transfer-in advantages (Transfer of Company’s Seat)

  1. Generally  the existing corporate identity of the migrating company is retained;
  2. Companies within a group registered in, non-EU countries (Zero tax countries) may transfer their registered seat in Cyprus, subject to fulfillment of certain requirements. The transfer may prove to be more beneficial especially in restructuring cases seeking to achieve greater transparency. (Expected to pass into law);
  3. Employment contracts, contracts with suppliers and other contracts, agreements or instruments) are transferred to the surviving company;
  4. For a large group with complex assets and liabilities, the cross-border merger regime constitutes a more efficient way to merge the businesses of two companies rather than a traditional transfer of the individual assets and liabilities;
  5. Expand business in more than one Member State without the need to form a European Company;
  6. Cyprus situated between Asia, Africa and Europe motivates new trading possibilities for companies;

Contact

For personal consultation please contact Kypros Kyprianou on [email protected]

 

PKF / ATCO Limited is a member firm of the PKF International Limited network of legally independent firms and does not accept any responsibility or liability for the actions or inactions on the part of any other individual member firm or firms. This publication is for information purposes only and should not be considered as professional advice.